The process of changing your settings in your router are generally the same across major routers, though the exact names of settings and menus may vary depending on the model you are using.

Restart router

  1. Locate the power button or the power cable on your router

  2. Hold down the power button or unplug the power cable

  3. Wait 15-20 seconds

  4. Either use the power button to turn the router on, or re-plugin the power cable

  5. Wait for the router to finish powering on

  6. Reconnect your computer to the network

Router placement

It is best to move the router to a central location to optimize the signal.

  1. Try to pick a location that is away from other electronics and large metal objects

    1. Make sure there are as few obstructions as possible between the router and the areas where you need the best internet speed and reliability.

  2. Raise the router

    1. Try placing it high on a bookshelf or mounting it on the wall in an unobstructed place.

  3. Those funny-looking antennas matter

    1. If there are two or more antennas on your router, do not position them all in the same direction.

    2. Make them perpendicular to one another -- position one horizontally and the other vertically, or slightly change the position of all the antennas to cover a wide range of angles.

Where NOT to place a router

  • Kitchen

  • Bathroom

  • Basement

  • Attic

  • Closet

  • Garage

Log in to your router

  1. Find the IP Address of the router (Default Gateway)

    1. Windows Users: Type “Command Prompt” into the windows search bar and double click to open

      1. Input the command: ipconfig and click enter

    2. Mac Users:

      1. Open System Preferences

      2. Open network

      3. Click Advanced

      4. Click TCP/IP Tab

  2. Look for “Default Gateway” or ‘”Router” (There will be an IP address next to the text)

  3. Write down the IP address (series of four numbers separated by decimal points)

  4. Type the noted down IP address into your internet browser and click enter

  5. When the login screen page pops up input your routers username and password (Check on the back of the router if the username and password was never changed)

  6. Click “Login”

Reset your router to default settings

In addition to this process, most routers will also have a physical button that can be used to reset the router.

  1. Log in to your router

  2. Locate a “Restore” area or button

  3. Click the “Restore” or “Default” settings button

  4. Restart your computer

  5. Re-connect to your Wi-Fi

Use the default username and password that is on the back of the router.

Change the password

This will prevent strangers from using your internet and bandwidth.

  1. Log in to your router

  2. Go to settings

  3. Select “Change Router Password or a similar option

  4. Save the new settings

Change SSID

Changing the router's default SSID can improve the security or usability of your wireless network.

  1. Log in to your router

  2. Go to settings and look for an option titled “Wi-Fi name” or “SSID”

  3. Enter your new Wi-Fi name

  4. Click Save and exit

  5. Reconnect to your Wi-Fi using the new SSID

Changing frequency band from 2.4 to 5 GHz

2.4 GHz network radiates further but is therefore slower, while the 5 GHz network is faster but does not reach as far. However, the 5 GHz network is used less and therefore offers a better connection.

  1. Log in to your router

  2. Go to Wi-Fi settings

  3. Change the 802.11 band from 2.4-GHz to 5-GHz

  4. Finally, make sure to hit “Save” or “Apply”

Change Wi-Fi Channel

  1. Log in to your router

  2. Open “Wireless Settings”

  3. Click the “Channels” drop down and change your Wi-Fi channel

  4. Finally, make sure to hit “Save” or “Apply”

Update router firmware

  1. Log in to your router

  2. Click “Advanced”

  3. Click “Administration”

  4. Click “Firmware Update”

  5. Click the “Firmware Update” or “Router Update” button

  6. Click the “Check” button

Use an ethernet cable

  1. Grab an “Ethernet” cable

  2. Plug one end of an “Ethernet” cable into your router

  3. Plug the other end of the “Ethernet” cable into PC